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(M13) Physical Security & Emergency
Contractor Assurance

​​​Management System Owner: ​Emergency Management/Fire Protection Group Manager

Revision and Date: Revision 4.1 - October 5, 2018

1.0             Purp​​​ose

Fermilab Emergency departments have been established to ensure appropriate levels of protection against unauthorized access; loss or theft of government property; and other acts that may cause unacceptable or adverse impacts to programmatic activities or the health and safety of Fermilab and DOE employees, the public, or the environment.  Other areas of Fermilab security programs include: cybersecurity which is managed under the Information management system (M10); the security of nuclear material which is managed under the Environmental, Safety and Health Management System (M7), specifically the Fermilab Nuclear Materials Control & Accountability Plan; and the responsibility of Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments (UFVA) is managed cooperatively under this Emergency Management System and the Human Resources Management System (M15).

2.0             Roles and Responsibilities

Title Responsibilities

Chief Safety Officer (CSO)


  •      Owns the Safeguards and Security Plan
  •      Assesses line organizations for compliance
  •      Facilitates system improvements
D/S Heads
  •      Deploy, to their line managers and organizations, all Emergency management system procedures as they relate to the Safeguards and Security Plan
Security Chief
  •      Responsible for ensuring that the Safeguards and Security Plan remains useful and current
  •      Establishes and maintains security procedures and post orders
  •      Approves security procedures
  •      Responsible for the development, implementation, assessment and improvement of the Emergency Management System.
  •      Provide security patrols, the investigation of property loss, and assistance with dealing with threats of violence.
Security Department Team
  •      Enforce established Security Management System Procedures and Post Orders
  •      Manage the service contract of the Protective Force
  •      Supply the training of the Protective Force
  •      Maintain a database of citations
  •      Identify areas of opportunities for improvement within the Security Management System
Security Officers of the Contractor Protective Force
  •      Protect safeguards and security interests from theft, diversion, industrial sabotage, unauthorized access, loss or compromise, and other hostile acts that may cause unacceptable adverse impacts on program continuity, the environment, or the health and safety of employees and the public.
  •      Enforce the traffic safety rules by issuing citations to violators.
Communication Center
  •      Provide dispatching services to the emergency response organization.
  •      Monitor site wide alarm system – Facility Incident Reporting Utility System (FIRUS) and disseminate activated alarms.
  •      Monitor the Laboratory emergency phone system (3131) and dispatch the emergency response organization as needed.
  •      Provide telephone switchboard services to the Laboratory.
All Employees, Users, Visitors, Contractors and Guests
  •      Adhere to all Security Management System processes for employees, users, visitors, subcontractors, and guests.


3.0             Primary Require​ments

M&O Contract

○       DOE Prime Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 for the Management and Operation of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

○       Fermilab Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plan (PEMP)

  •  Goal 8.0 – Sustain and Enhance the Effectiveness of Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) and Emergency Management Systems

Other DOE Orders and Instructions

○       DOE O 470.4B - Safeguards & Security Program

○       DOE O 142.3A - Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program

○       DOE O 470.5 - Insider Threat

○       DOE O 472.2 - Personnel Security

○       DOE O 473.3 - Protection Program Operations

○       DEAR 952.204-2 - Security

FRA Contract Clause Mapping to Management Systems

4.0             Management​ System Description Overview

4.1               E​mergency Management Program

Fermilab has developed a comprehensive emergency plan that is based on an analysis of potential natural and manmade hazards, both in and around the site. Due consideration was given to guidance provided by DOE and other organizations. This analysis is documented in the Emergency Planning Hazard Survey document (EPHS). The Comprehensive Emergency Management Program (CEMP) outlines the procedures and conditions under which management and emergency response personnel function during abnormal events. It relies on the execution of local procedures, but the principles and arrangements described in the CEMP are designed to mitigate and recover from abnormal situations.

4.2               The Safegu​​​ards and Security Plan (SSP)

The purpose of this plan is to establish program planning and management requirements for the safeguards and security program. The SSP is based on risk analysis of considerations specific to the site and the assets and interests to be protected, and is reviewed as required by DOE Order. The SSP describes either in content or by other referenced documents, all applicable security topical areas addressed: Program Management, Physical Security, Protective Force, Material Control and Accountability (MC&A), and Cyber Security including: password security, laptop/computer/device security, and server room protection (are managed under the IT Management System in conjunction with the Security Department). An overview of the responsibilities for each applicable area within the SSP is as follows:

4.2.1    Program Manag​​ement

Security staff organization and responsibilities include:   A staff description, an explanation of Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM), the concept of Emergency Management, criteria for determining Property Protection Areas, resources and budgeting, personnel development and training, Management Control (surveys, audits, self-assessments), Performance Assurance Program, and Incident Reporting.

4.2.2    Protective Fo​​rce

Protective force responsibility includes training, post orders, general security response, and the description of facilities and equipment.

4.2.3    Physical Security

Physical Protection System responsibilities include: the card access system, missing property report system, site access control procedures, areas open to the general public, the security alarm testing procedures, the search procedure, after hours emergency notifications, armed encounters, processing arrest warrants, threats to persons or property, incidents of security concern, Incident Command System, security and administrative system testing procedure, key and lock control system, and Badge Access System.​

4.2.4    Material Cont​​rol and Accountability

MC&A includes the responsibilities and authorities for: material accounting, inventories, measurement control, emergency procedure for apparent loss, theft or diversion of Category IV Material. The Material Control & Accountability (MC&A) is managed under the Fermilab Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability Plan.

4.2.5    Cyber Sec​​urity

Fermilab has in place an Unclassified Computer Security Program that was developed in accordance with DOE Orders.  The documentation of the program is entitled "Computer Protection Plan for Unclassified Computer Systems at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory."  These resources are managed and controlled through administrative processes and physical security barriers to preclude unauthorized use or access.  The measures taken to preclude loss are based upon a risk assessment and analysis.  The Plan provides for a review of data sensitivity and mission criticality, as well as detailing a post disaster Contingency Plan for critical applications.  The Computing Division, under the Information Management System, has the primary responsibility for writing, reviewing, and implementing the plan.        

4.3               Contra​​ctor Protective Force (PF)

The PF consists of unarmed uniformed security officers.  The PF provides entrance gate officers and response officers. The entrance gate officers provide an initial screening of vehicles and vehicle occupants entering the Site.  They direct traffic to the appropriate gates, enforce stop orders, and direct responding law enforcement officers to incident scenes.  The response officers are first responders to and assessors of security incidents. They provide scene control at security incidents and fire incidents.  The PF documents incidents through the Department's Security Case Report system.

4.4               Communica​​​tion Center

The Fermilab Communication Center is an upgraded multi-purpose Center supplying telephone switchboard services, emergency dispatch services, and other miscellaneous services to the Laboratory.

4.5               Key O​​ffice

The Key Office provides a central office for the distribution and collection of access control devices. The Office programs and administers the Site's proximity based card access system.  The Office distributes and documents the issuance of building and office keys.

4.6               Locks​​hop

The Lockshop cuts keys and combinates lock cores for all building doors.  The Locksmith maintains lock core and key cutting records. The Locksmith provides and services lock and door hardware.

4.7     ​​          Traffic Safety Program

The driving and parking of motorized vehicles on the Fermilab campus can pose a serious safety risk to motorists as well as bicyclists and pedestrians.  To reduce the risk to motorists, bicyclists and pedestrians, Fermilab has adopted, as a minimum, the applicable portions of the State of Illinois Vehicle Code and the Rules of the Road publication into its Work Smart Standards.  These are the same standards that motorists are legally obligated to observe when operating vehicles on public roadways in Illinois.

4.8               Aviation Sa​fety Program

The Aviation Safety Program applies to all organizations that request aviation services or sponsor events that may impact civilian aviation and those who arrange for and/or coordinate landings, overflights and passenger use of aircraft.  The program's policy and procedure describes the approval and notification process, purchase order preparation, designated landing sites, helicopter standard operating procedures, and helicopter medevac training and conditions.

4.9              Fermilab Fire Depart​​ment

The mission of the Fermilab Fire Department is to protect the lives and property of every employee and visitor of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory from the adverse effects of fire, medical emergencies, and exposures to dangerous conditions. Prevention is the main driver for the programs and processes executed on a daily, weekly, monthly and bi-annual basis.

The Fire Department responds to a multitude of emergency situations both on and off site, and should a major incident occur at the laboratory outside assistance is received. The department is associated with outside fire departments that belong to the Mutual Aid Box Alerting System (MABAS), and have implemented a prearranged response plan should such an event occur.

The Fire Department serves as first responders to a variety of situations on-site at the laboratory including responses to high rise and underground situations. The unique building structures and terrain across the laboratory requires programs and processes to be precisely implemented and personnel to be well trained. The Fire Department has implemented the following programs and procedures to support the laboratory:

4.9.1    Daily Prevention Proce​​dures

Daily prevention procedures include stretching and physical fitness routines, shift conference/safety meeting, and inspections of vehicles, emergency equipment, gear, and response tools.

4.9.2    Monthly Prevention Proced​​​ures

Monthly prevention procedures include inspections of all fire extinguishers across the laboratory. The inspection determines the need for service, conductivity test, hydro-test, and whether 6 year maintenance or annual maintenance is appropriate.  Other monthly inspections include visual inspections of the following:

  • Designated Welding Shops
  • Compressed Gas Cylinder Storage Locations
  • Fire Hydrants
  • FD Connection
  • Post Indicator Valves
  • AED

4.9.3    Bi-annual inspect​​ions

Bi-annually building inspections are conducted with the assistance of the Building Managers, and include inspection of Fire Barrier Doors.

4.9.4    As-needed inspections and pro​​grams

Other programs and processes that occur on an as-needed basis include:

  • Tests of sprinkler systems
  • Public Relations Education outreach for the Day-Care and Laboratory employees
  • Participates in DASTOW and building fire drills
  • Issues Welding Permits to contractors and lab welders
  • Harmonizes the documentation of the Haz Mat program for the Fire Department
  • Trains lab employees in Air Packs, Fire Extinguishers, and CPR and BBP classes
  • Responds to all emergency calls

Other areas of testing and maintenance conducted in-house by Fire Department to ensure response readiness for an emergency incident include:

  • Minor vehicle repairs
  • Fire hose testing
  • Fire ladder maintenance
  • Fire engine pump testing
  • Breathing apparatus maintenance and other rescue equipment

4.9.5    Collaboration with D/S/​​Ps

To support the laboratory the Fire Department works in conjunction with various D/S/Ps on a variety of topics including:

  • Review of preliminary plans for various new or renovated buildings
  • Assist with prairie burns as needed
  • Recommend fire extinguishers for all new buildings
  • Participate in all safety fairs
  • Instruct Fire Extinguisher Refresher Training
  • Instruct SCBA (Self Contained Breathing Apparatus) training
  • Standby/assist for special events with large crowds

4.9.6    Fire Department Personnel Train​ing & Qualifications

Personnel have the knowledge necessary to perform their functions through Illinois State Certifications including but not limited to:

  • Fire Apparatus Drive Competency Course
  • Firefighter – Emergency Medical Technician
  • Firefighter III
  • Fire Officer I
  • Fire Officer II
  • Haz Mat Operations
  • Incident Command
  • Mine Rescue
  • National Incident Management System (NIMS) 100, 200, 300, 400, 700, 800
  • Technical Rescure Awareness

Laboratory specific training includes:

  • Materials – Lead
  • Materials – Beryllium
  • Materials – Cyanide
  • BODA
  • Haz Waste Storage
  • Rad Worker
  • DO/CDF Access
  • Controlled Access
  • ODH

5.0             Reports, Audits, Assessments and Required Recor​​ds

  • Biennial DOE Safeguards and Security Survey
  • Security Admin Records
  • Security Personnel Records
  • Security Records
  • ComCenter Records
  • Key & ID Office Records
  • Inspection Records (Computer Barcode System – Fire Department)

6.0             Additional Referen​ces

  • Director's Policy - Site Access Policy
  • FESHM 10170 – Fermilab Aviation Safety Policy
  • Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan (CEMP)
  • Property Management Program (PMP)
  • Protective Force Post Orders
  • Security Procedures
  • Security Department Procedure Manual
  • Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Manual
  • The State of Illinois Vehicle Code
  • The Illinois Rules of the Road Publication

7.0             Definitions of Acron​yms and Terms

Acronym Definition
DOEDepartment of Energy
FESHMFermilab Environmental, Safety, and Health Manual
FIRUSFacility Incident Reporting Utility System
CEMPComprehensive Emergency Management Plant
PMPProperty Management Program
SSPSafeguards and Security Plan
UFVAUnclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments


8.0            Extension of Management System To South Dakota

SDSTA is responsible for response to all emergencies at SURF, including activating and managing the Emergency Operations Center for all significant emergencies, with the SDSD Division Head providing coordination as appropriate.  For emergencies on the surface, response is provided by the City of Lead Fire Department.  For underground emergencies, the SDSTA Emergency Response Team (ERT) will respond.  Fermilab assures the SDSTA emergency preparedness and response and physical security policies and procedures are sufficient and adequately implemented.  

Fermilab’s Policy on Site Access to Fermilab applies to the space leased at SURF for LBNF/DUNE.  Areas at SURF are reviewed by Fermilab as part of the SURF Services subcontract.  In order to enter the Fermilab leased space, one must first meet the entry requirements to gain access to SURF.